Spanish conjugation chart

Our Spanish conjugation chart: a blue print to conjugate

Having a good Spanish conjugation chart is the key to learning how to conjugate your verbs fast and efficiently.

Did you know there are over 360 verbs in Spanish that are completely regular. Meaning you can conjugate them all in the exact same way, without exceptions.

We have created a blue print to navigate 7 different ways to conjugate a verb. All you need to do is to study this sheet and you will be able to use and conjugate over 360 different Spanish verbs instantly.

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Spanish verb cheat sheet poster
Spanish verb cheat sheet

How to work the conjugation chart

In Spanish the majority of verbs are regular verbs. There are 3 kinds of regular verbs. You can often recognize them because they end in:

Let’s see what verbs fall under these groups:

Regular -AR verbs:

Acceptar (accept)
Caminar (walk)
Cantar (sing)
Cocinar (cook)
Comprar (buy)
Crear (create)
Dejar (leave)
Escuchar (listen)
Estudiar (study) Hablar (talk)
Invitar (invite)
Jugar (play)
Montar (ride)
Para (stop)
Pintar (paint)
Preguntar (ask)
Quedar (stay)
Tocar (touch)
Tomar (take)
Trabajar (work)

Regular -ER verbs:

Aprender (learn)
Beber (drink)
Comer (eat)
Correr (run)
Deber (must)
Leer (read)
Meter (put)
Recoger (collect)
Vender (sell)

Regular -IR verbs:

Abrir (open)
Añadir (add)
Compartir (share)
Decidir (decide)
Dormir (sleep)
Partir (depart)
Permitir (permit)
Recibir (receive)
Vivir (live)

Unfortunately not all verbs ending in -AR, -ER or -IR are regular verbs. So how do you know if they are regular or irregular? Simple, you just need to know. There is no rule or learning hack for it.

What is the stem of the verb?

To use the conjugation chart you need to know the stem of the verb.

How to create the stem of the verb

Take the complete infinitive of the verb and take either the -AR, -ER or -IR off at the end.

Let’s take some examples:

Verb – Stem
Hablar – habl
Comprar – compr
Deber – deb
Compartir – compart
Vivir – viv
Comer – com
Dormir – dorm
Jugar – jug
Parar – par
Tomar – tom

Once you are able to work out the stem of the verb you are able to start using the Spanish conjugation chart. Let’s see per tense how to use to conjugate them.

First let’s treat the 4 tenses any beginner should learn when learning Spanish:

Conjugation chart: the present tense in Spanish

For a -AR verb:
yo stem + o
tú stem + as
él stem + a
nosotros stem + amos
vosotros stem + áis
ellos stem + an

For a -ER verb:
yo stem + o
tú stem + es
el stem + e
nosotros stem + emos
vosotros stem + éis
ellos stem + en

For a -IR verb:
yo stem + o
tú stem + es
él stem + e
nosotros stem + imos
vosotros stem + ís
ellos stem + en

Conjugation chart: the past tense in Spanish

For a -AR verb:
yo stem + é
tú stem + aste
él stem + ó
nosotros stem + amos
vosotros stem + asteis
ellos stem + aron

For a -ER verb:
yo stem + í
tú stem + iste
él stem + ío
nosotros stem + imos
vosotros stem + isteis
ellos stem + ieron

For a -IR verb:
yo stem + í
tú stem + iste
él stem + ió
nosotros stem + imos
vosotros stem + osteis
ellos stem + ieron

Conjugation chart: the future tense in Spanish

For a -AR verb:
yo stem +aré
tú stem + arás
él stem + ará
nosotros stem + aremos
vosotros stem + aréis
ellos stem + arán

For a -ER verb:
yo stem + eré
tú stem + erás
él stem + era
nosotros stem + eremos
vosotros stem + eréis
ellos stem + erán

For a -IR verb:
yo stem + iré
tú stem + irás
él stem + irá
nosotros stem + iremos
vosotros stem + iréis
ellos stem + irán

Conjugation chart: the potential simple tense in Spanish

For a -AR verb:
yo stem + aría
tú stem + arías
él stem + aría
nosotros stem + aríamos
vosotros stem + aríais
ellos stem + arían

For a -ER verb:
yo stem + ería
tú stem + erías
él stem + ería
nosotros stem + eríamos
vosotros stem + eríais
ellos stem + erían

For a -IR verb:
yo stem + iría
tú stem + irías
él stem + iría
nosotros stem + iríamos
vosotros stem + iríais
ellos stem + irían

Conjugate the gerund in Spanish

Now it is time for one explain an easy conjugation: the Gerund. Or in Spanish known as the Gerundio.
Basically the spanish gerund would be all the english words that finish in -ing (walking, talking, cooking etc.)

Creating the Spanish gerund is rather easy.

How to create the gerund in Spanish

  • AR verb? Take the stem and add -ando
  • ER or IR verb? Take the stem and add -iendo

Let’s take some examples:

Verb – Stem – Gerund
Hablar – Habl – Hablando (talking)
Caminar – Camin – Caminando (walking)
Comer – Com – Comiendo (eating)
Dormir – Dorm – Dormiendo (sleeping)
Vender – Vend – Vendiendo (selling)
Beber – Beb – Bebiendo (drinking)
Comprar – Compr – Comprando (buying)

Now that you know how to make the gerund, all you will need is to put I am, you are etc. in front of it: yo estoy + gerund

tú estás + gerund
él está + gerund
nosotros estamos + gerund
vosotros estáis + gerund
ellos están + gerund

To give you some examples: Estoy caminando – I am walking
Estan escuchando – They are listening
Estamos comprando – We are buying

Conjugate with the participle in Spanish

In Spanish there are seven simple tenses. The most important onces we have listed on the conjugation chart and in the lists above. There are also seven compound tenses. We have good news for you. The second compound tenses are always a conjugation of the verb Haber + the partiple (in Spanish known as the participio).

To learn how to use it you first need to learn how to make the participle of a spanish verb.

How to create the participle in Spanish

  • AR verb? Take the stem and add -ado
  • ER or IR verb? Take the stem and add -ido

Here are some examples: Verb – Stem – Participle
Hablar – Habl – Hablado
Caminar – Camin – Caminado
Comer – Com – Comido
Dormir – Dorm – Dormido
Vender – Vend – Vendido
Beber – Beb – Bebido
Comprar – Compr – Comprido

Now that you know how to make the participle in Spanish you can put it to good use. See the 2 most common ways to conjugate with the participle in Spanish:

Perfect de indicativo
He caminado – I have walked he + participle
has + participle
ha + participle
hemos + participle
habeis + participle
han + participle

Past Perfect Subjuctive
hubiera caminado – I would have walked
hubiera + participle
hubieras + participle
hubiera + participle
hubiéramos + participle
hubierais + participle
hubieran + participle

And that is it! Master this conjugation chart and you’ll know how to conjugate over 360 spanish verbs in 7 most commonly used tenses! Don’t forget to print your copy of our Spanish conjugation chart for regular verbs, because repetition is key! Hang it up in your kitchen, office and bathroom!
You will get it down in no time if you just practice 5 conjugations per day with this chart!

Download your copy of the Spanish Conjugation Chart

Spanish conjugation chart

Our check out the other digital downloads:

25 most used Spanish verbs
Spanish present tense conjugation chart